Install Zabbix on Linux server

Zabbix is an open-source monitoring software tool for diverse IT components, including networks, servers, virtual machines (VMs), and cloud services. Zabbix is able to monitor a lot of things, also provides a single pane of glass view of your whole IT infrastructure.

Configure the Zabbix repository.

yum install -y centos-release-scl

Install the Zabbix repository configuration package.

rpm -Uvh

Install Zabbix Server.

yum install -y zabbix-web-mysql-scl zabbix-apache-conf-scl zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-agent --enablerepo=zabbix-frontend

Change timezone.

vi /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php-fpm.d/zabbix.conf
php_value[date.timezone] = America/Vancouver

Install MySQL or MariaDB.

yum install -y mariadb-server mariadb

Start mariadb service.

systemctl start mariadb
systemctl status mariadb

Login to MariaDB and create the database and user for our Zabbix installation.

mysql -u root -p

Create a database with information eblow.

DBUser: zabbixuser

MariaDB [(none)]> create database zabbixdb character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on zabbixdb.* to zabbixuser@localhost identified by '123456';
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit

Import initial schema and database.

cd /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/
zcat create.sql.gz | mysql -u zabbixuser -p zabbixdb

Update Database Configuration

Edit the zabbix_server.conf file.


Restart Zabbix service.

systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent httpd rh-php72-php-fpm

Enable the service to start automatically on system reboot.

systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent httpd rh-php72-php-fpm

Disable SELinux.

sudo setenforce 0

Allow Zabbix services on Firewall.

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=10050/tcp
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=10051/tcp
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=80/tcp
firewall-cmd –reload

Setup Zabbix via a web interface.

Enter zabbixdb, zabbixuser and password.

Zabbix Dashboard.

Username: Admin (Username is case sensitive.)


Zabbix Dashboard.

Check ports are used on the Zabbix server.
netstat -antp | grep "LISTEN"

Install HTTPS web certificate on the Zabbix web interface.

Install mod security.

yum install mod_ssl -y

Copy web server certificate (used wildcard cert *.linuxlab.local) to Zabbix server.

Edit ssl.conf file.

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf
#SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt
SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/wildcard.crt
#SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/wildcard-cert.key
#SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/server-chain.crt
SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/pki/CA/certs/ourCA.crt

Restart Apache web service.

systemctl restart httpd
systemctl status httpd

Allow HTTPS on Firewall.

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload

Access Zabbix server from Windows machine.


Redirect HTTP to HTTPS on Apache by using .htaccess file.

cd /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/
cat 00-base.conf | grep rewrite
cd /usr/share/zabbix/
touch .htaccess
vi .htaccess
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS}  !=on
#RewriteRule ^/?(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R,L]
RewriteRule ^/?(.*) https://zabbix.linuxlab.local/$1 [R,L]

Access Zabbix via HTTP. It will redirect the link to HTTPS.